Periodontal disease or more commonly known as gum disease is a bacterial infection which is caused due to plaque which remains on the tooth surfaces due to non-maintenance of proper hygiene. Now while not flossing or cleaning your teeth might not sound like a big deal, if the infection spreads deeper, it may get really difficult to treat. In addition, if the treatment is not done at all, it may lead to bone loss, gum loss and ultimately tooth loss.
In this article, we discuss the different stages of Gum Diseases, why you shouldn’t delay the treatment and the types of treatment.
Stages of Gum Diseases-
The first stage of gum disease, gingivitis occurs due to formation of plaque on the gum line. This happens due to the poison produced by the plaque that might remain even after brushing and flossing and lead to irritation in the gum tissue which in turn leads to gingivitis. The indication of gingivitis is bleeding during brushing or flossing. Since the bone and the connective tissue aren’t damaged in this state, the damage caused by gingivitis can still be reversed without any actually damage.
By the time the second stage is reached, the damage is irreversible in the supporting fibers and the bone that hold the tooth together. By this stage, the gums form a kind of pocket where food and plaque starts getting trapped. After reaching this stage, every precaution and care taken will be in order to avoid any further damage.
3. Advanced Periodontitis-
The teeth begin to loosen or shift during the final stage as the bone and fibers are completely destroyed. By this time, the teeth start shaking in the mouth which affects your bite and if the infection spreads, it might cause severe harm to your overall health. Aggressive treatment is required at this stage and sometimes tooth extraction is the only option.
To avoid gum diseases, practice regular brushing and flossing and visit your dentist every 6 months to ensure there is not hidden bacterial growth and get a professional cleaning done to prevent occurrence in the future.